Developing a gender/sex-sensitive evidence base on relationship between psychosocial work environment and chronic disease
Reasons for the study
Male and female labour force participation rates in Canada have changed dramatically over the last three decades. The percentage of labour force participants who are female increased from 39 per cent to 48 per cent between 1980 and 2011. Despite this increase in female labour market participation, our understanding of how work, including work stress, affects health status is still male-centric. However, there might be important male and female differences in the assessment of work stress, the biological and behavioural reactions to work stress, and the relationship between work stress and risk of subsequent disease. The purpose of this project is to build an evidence base concerning male and female differences in the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and future risk of metabolic diseases.
Objectives of the study
- Examine gender/sex differences in the association between dimensions of the psychosocial work environment and general work stress and general life stress
- Examine gender/sex differences in the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and subsequent health behaviour and body mass index (BMI) trajectories over a 16-year period
- Examine the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and cardiovascular disease in Ontario over a 12-year period (see separate project page under this umbrella on the relationship between prolonged standing and heart disease)
This project develops a cross-disciplinary and multi-jurisdictional team of researchers for further work in exploring gender and the relationships between work environment and risk of disease.
Related scientific publications
- Dobson KG, Gilbert-Ouimet M, Mustard C, Smith PM. Association between dimensions of the psychosocial and physical work environment and latent smoking trajectories: a 16-year cohort study of the Canadian workforce. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2018;75(11):814-821. doi:10.1136/oemed-2018-105138.
- Gilbert-Ouimet M, Ma H, Glazier R, Brisson C, Mustard C, Smith PM. Adverse effect of long work hours on incident diabetes in 7065 Ontario workers followed for 12 years. BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care. 2018;6(1):e000496. doi:10.1136/bmjdrc-2017-000496.
- Fan J, Smith PM. Self-reported work conditions in Canada: examining changes between 2002 and 2012. Canadian Journal of Public Health. 2018;109:882-890. doi:10.17269/s41997-018-0096-8.
- Padkapayeva K, Gilbert-Ouimet M, Bielecky A, Ibrahim S, Mustard C. Gender/sex differences in the relationship between psychosocial work exposures and work and life stress. Annals of Work Exposures and Health. 2018;62(4):416-425. doi:10.1093/annweh/wxy014.
- Dobson K, Ibrahim S, Gilbert-Ouimet M, Mustard C, Smith PM. Association between psychosocial work conditions and latent alcohol consumption trajectories among men and women over a 16-year period in a national Canadian sample. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2018;72:113-120. doi:10.1136/jech-2017-209691.
- Bielecky A, Ibrahim S, Mustard C, Brisson C, Smith PM. An analysis of measurement invariance in work stress by sex: Are we comparing apples to apples?. JASNH. 2017;13(2):38-48.
Related interviews and articles
- Longer hours linked to diabetes risk in women: Study. Canadian HR Reporter. November 7, 2018. Available from: https://www.hrreporter.com/workplace-health-and-wellness/38516-longer-hours-linked-to-diabetes-risk-in-women-study/
- Sex/gender analysis: Links between psychosocial work factors and stress not always as expected. At Work: Institute for Work & Health; No. 93, Summer 2018.
- Sex/gender analysis: Gender study finds overwork linked to higher risks of diabetes in women, not men. At Work: Institute for Work & Health; No. 93, Summer 2018.
- Hard-working women, go home earlier to avoid this disease. CNN. July 2, 2018. Available from: https://www.cnn.com/2018/07/02/health/diabetes-long-hours-women-study/index.html
- Working overtime could raise women's diabetes risk. U.S. News & World Report. July 2, 2018. Available from: https://health.usnews.com/health-care/articles/2018-07-02/working-overtime-could-raise-womens-diabetes-risk
- Bad news: Now standing at work is killing you, too. GQ: Conde Nast (New York, NY). September 17, 2017. Available from: https://www.gq.com/story/standing-death-study
Related research summaries
- Gender differences in the link between psychosocial work exposures and stress. Research Highlights: Institute for Work & Health, August 2018.
- Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
- Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
Canadian Institutes of Health Research