Breast cancer risk by occupation and industry in women and men: results from the Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS)

Publication type
Journal article
Authors
Sritharan J Macleod JS Dakouo M McLeod CB Peter A Demers PA
Date published
2019 Mar 01
Journal
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume
62
Issue
3
Pages
205-211
Open Access?
No
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The recently established Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS) was used to examine breast cancer risk in women and men by occupation and industry. METHODS: Ontario workers in the ODSS cohort (1983-2016) were followed up for breast cancer diagnosis through the Ontario Cancer Registry. Cox-proportional hazard models were used to calculate age-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: A total of 17 865 and 492 cases were identified in working women (W) and men (M), respectively. Elevated risks were observed in management (W: HR = 1.54, 95% CI = 1.40-1.70; M: HR = 2.79, 95% CI = 1.44-5.39), administrative/clerical (W: HR = 1.16, 95% CI = 1.11-1.21; M: HR = 1.45, 95% CI = 1.06-1.99), and teaching (W: HR = 1.54, 95% CI = 1.44-1.63; M: HR = 3.00, 95% CI = 1.49-6.03). Other elevated risks were observed in nursing/health, social sciences, and janitor/cleaning services for both genders. CONCLUSIONS: Common occupational associations in both genders warrant investigation into job-related risk factors, such as sedentary behavior, shift work, ionizing radiation, and chemical exposures