Financial capability and financial well-being challenges and vulnerabilities of adults living with acquired brain injury: a pilot survey

Publication type
Journal article
Engel L, Ewesesan R, Arowolo I, Latulipe C, Karpa J, Khan MN
Date published
2024 Mar 01
Archives of Rehabilitation Research and Clinical Translation
Open Access?

Objective To describe the financial capability (FC) and financial well-being (FWB) of adults living with acquired brain injury (ABI) from a lived experience perspective. Design People living with ABI completed a 32-item and close others a 22-item anonymous survey using either online or print/mail-in options. Setting Responses were collected from adults in the province of Manitoba (Canada) during August-October 2021. Participants Respondents were adults (18+) living with ABI (n=38) or close others of ABI survivors (n=19). Adults living with ABI experienced traumatic brain injury (n=22; 58%), stroke (n=8; 21%), or other ABI mechanisms (n=8; 21%). Nineteen (50%) respondents with ABI were men, 17 (45%) were women, and 1 (2.5%) was nonbinary; 95% were more than 1-year post-ABI. Close others were spouses/partners, parents, other family, and paid caregivers. Three of the 19 close others self-reported as men and 16 as women. Interventions n/a. Main Outcome Measure(s) n/a. Results For key FC indicators, 13 (34%) people living with ABI felt their current knowledge and skills were insufficient, and 26 (70%) felt that ABI had affected their ability to make financial decisions or complete financial activities. Fourteen of the 19 close others have worried about the finance-related choices, skills, or behaviors of the person living with ABI, and 17 felt that ABI symptoms had affected the FC of the person living with ABI. For key FWB indicators, 22 (58%) adults living with ABI felt stressed or anxious about finances at least some of the time. Seventeen (45%) of the adults living with ABI reported having trouble making ends meet at least some of the time. Conclusions Respondents reported FC limitations and FWB challenges for people living with ABI, which can be indicative of financial vulnerabilities and unmet needs. Future research should explore optimal ways to address these financial-related challenges after ABI.