The role of immigrant admission classes on the health and well-being of immigrants and refugees in Canada: a scoping review

Publication type
Journal article
Authors
Morassaei S, Irvin E, Smith PM, Wilson K, Ghahari S
Date published
2022 Mar 01
Journal
Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health
Pages
epub ahead of print
Open Access?
No
Abstract

Many countries offer different pathways through which migrants can enter a new country. In Canada, there are three main immigrant admission classes: economic, family, and refugee. Previous research suggests that there are differences in health outcomes among various subgroups of migrants. A scoping review was conducted to characterize the role of immigrant admission classes on the health and well-being of immigrants and refugees in Canada. MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts, and EconLit databases were searched for quantitative studies published in English after 1990. The screening and selection process identified 27 relevant studies. Studies were categorized into four key reported outcomes: health care and services utilization, self-rated health and mental health, medical conditions and chronic illnesses, and social integration and satisfaction. Findings confirm that certain subgroups have worse health outcomes after arrival, particularly refugees, family class and other dependent immigrants. Health outcomes vary significantly across immigrant subgroups defined by the admission class through which they entered Canada