Workers' activity profiles associated with predicted 10-year cardiovascular disease risk

Publication type
Journal article
Biswas A, Chen C, Prince SA, Smith PM, Mustard C
Date published
2022 Jun 01
Journal of the American Heart Association
Open Access?

Background There is a need to explore common activity patterns undertaken by workers and the association between these activity profiles and cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study explored the number and type of distinct profiles of activity patterns among workers and the association between these profiles and predicted 10-year risk for a first atherosclerotic CVD event. Methods and Results Distinct activity patterns from a cross-section of workers' accelerometer data were sampled from Canadian Health Measures Survey participants (5 cycles, 2007-2017) and identified using hierarchical cluster analysis techniques. Covariates included accelerometer wear time, work factors, sociodemographic factors, clinical markers, and lifestyle variables. Associations between activity profiles and high atherosclerotic CVD risk >10% were estimated using robust Poisson regression models. Six distinct activity profiles were identified from 8909 workers. Compared with the "lowest activity" profile, individuals in the "highest activity" and "moderate evening activity" profiles were at 42% lower risk (relative risk [RR], 0.58; 95% CI, 0.47, 0.70) and 33% lower risk (RR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.44, 0.87) of predicted 10-year atherosclerotic CVD risk of >10%, respectively. "Moderate activity" and "fluctuations of moderate activity" profiles were also associated with lower risk estimates, whereas the "high daytime activity" profile was not statistically different to the reference profile. Conclusions Workers accumulating physical activity throughout the day and during recreational hours were found to have optimal CVD risk profiles. Workers accumulating physical activity only during daytime work hours were not associated with reduced CVD risk. Findings can inform alternative strategies to conferring the cardiovascular benefits of physical activity among workers. Large prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings