Plain-language summaries

Institute for Work & Health (IWH) plain-language summaries condense research findings in various formats. At Work articles explain study results with comments from the study leads. Research Highlights summarize journal articles in easy-to-read, digest formats. Sharing Best Evidence summaries highlight findings from systematic reviews and other types of reviews conducted or led by IWH researchers. Issue Briefings discuss key research findings from IWH or elsewhere on topics that are of particular interest to policy-makers.

A man stands in shadow with head down
At Work article

Therapy can help manage depression, but in Manitoba, access to therapists is a concern

Therapy can help manage depression, but in Manitoba, access to therapists is a concern
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At Work article

Permanent work injury lowers women’s chances of marriage

Women experiencing a permanent impairment following a work injury are less likely than uninjured women to marry, says new research from the Institute for Work & Health.
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A woman with disability works in a bakery
Research Highlights

Workers with disabilities report greater OHS vulnerability

Workers with disabilities are more likely to be exposed to hazards at work than other workers, and are more likely to experience vulnerability due to inadequate measures to mitigate those hazards.
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Colleagues shake hands
At Work article

Effective workplace return-to-work interventions are multi-faceted: IWH review

New systematic review finds evidence for return-to-work programs that incorporate some combination of health services, case coordination and work modification
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Hand completing questionnaire
At Work article

OHS vulnerability as defined by IWH tool linked to self-reported injury rates

Study lends support to concept of OHS vulnerability as combination of hazards and inadequate protection
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Female doctor on the phone
At Work article

Health professionals report uncertainty over roles in RTW of workers with complex injuries

Study in four Canadian provinces finds some confusion and areas for potential improvement
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Silhouettes of a man and a woman looking straight ahead
Research Highlights

Role of chronic conditions and physical job demands on differences in work activity limitations between women and men

The differing levels of work activity limitations among women and men are explained by the different chronic conditions they are likely to have and the different physical demands they are likely to face on the job.
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Utility workers fix cable
At Work article

Ontario utility continues to benefit years after joining participatory ergonomics study

Reduced soft-tissue injuries at Kitchener-Wilmot Hydro attributed to work by participatory ergonomics team set up during study by IWH and others more than 10 years ago
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Icons of people with disabilities
At Work article

Work disability research centre supports the development of new standard, and more

Centre for Research on Work Disability Policy funds a range of projects and studies across Canada
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Close-up of calculator and pen
At Work article

Experience rating design differences lead to different outcomes in Ontario and B.C.

Ontario sees larger reductions in injury claims, but B.C.’s reductions are more enduring
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Lee-Anne Lyon-Bartley at Carillion Canada
At Work article

Vulnerability survey helps employer assess worker OHS awareness, empowerment

Health and safety leader Carillion Canada uses IWH’s new measure to identify weaknesses in organization
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Wolfgang Zimmermann at Nachemson
At Work article

Advocate and pioneer challenges all to erase stigma faced by workers with disabilities

IWH's Nachemson lecture looks back on 20 years of achievements by NIDMAR and Wolfgang Zimmermann
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A view from below of truck driver behind steering wheel
Issue Briefing

Vulnerable workers and risk of work injury

This Issue Briefing provides highlights of IWH's body of evidence on "vulnerable" workers, tracking how our research has evolved from vulnerability being associated with those who are new to a job to those who are exposed to hazards with inadequate awareness, protective policies and/or empowerment.
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Close-up of faceless man doing pushups
Sharing Best Evidence

What workplace programs help prevent upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders?

Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include painful conditions and injuries of the muscles, tendons, joints and nerves that affect the neck, shoulders, elbows, wrists and hands. This update of a previous systematic review sets out to find occupational health and safety (OHS) interventions that effectively prevent and manage upper extremity MSDs.
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Woman rests face in hands at laptop
At Work article

Key differences found in return-to-work process for MSD and psychological claims

Research comparing MSD and mental health compensation claims in Australia offers a picture of return-to-work challenges for psychological conditions
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old-fashioned scales
At Work article

Employers that focus on both operations and safety don’t have to sacrifice either

Research project supports an approach that integrates operations and safety management
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A black and white view of construction scaffolding on a building
At Work article

Eight safety leading indicators for the construction worksite

Dr. Linda M. Goldenhar and her team at CPWR – The Center for Construction Research and Training worked with stakeholders in the construction sector to identify eight leading health and safety indicators.
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asbestos sign posted at school door
At Work article

New cases of mesothelioma and asbestos-related lung cancer in one year cost $1.9B

First-ever estimate of the economic burden of asbestos looks at newly diagnosed cases in Canada in 2011
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Closeup of disability insurance claim form
At Work article

Disability leave duration rises with age, chronic conditions

Older workers with arthritis, depression and cancer tend to be off work the longest, STD/LTD data suggest
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A close-up view of a pair of work boots
At Work article

'Too much standing hurts, too'

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