Plain-language summaries

Institute for Work & Health (IWH) plain-language summaries condense research findings in various formats. At Work articles explain study results with comments from the study leads. Research Highlights summarize journal articles in easy-to-read, digest formats. Sharing Best Evidence summaries highlight findings from systematic reviews and other types of reviews conducted or led by IWH researchers. Issue Briefings discuss key research findings from IWH or elsewhere on topics that are of particular interest to policy-makers.

Closeup of disability insurance claim form
At Work article

Disability leave duration rises with age, chronic conditions

Older workers with arthritis, depression and cancer tend to be off work the longest, STD/LTD data suggest
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A black and white image of a wrist gripping a tool
At Work article

Forceful repetition a carpal tunnel risk factor

Workers who often use their hands in forceful gripping and pinching motions face a higher risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), a painful condition that causes tingling, numbness and weakness in the hand and sometimes requires surgery
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PREMUS conference delegate stands to ask a question
At Work article

PREMUS 2016 brings together MSD prevention scientists and practitioners to share evidence

Keynotes discussed latest findings on carpal tunnel syndrome, construction safety culture, sitting and standing, and sex/gender lens in MSD research
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Woman rests face in hands at laptop
At Work article

Key differences found in return-to-work process for MSD and psychological claims

Research comparing MSD and mental health compensation claims in Australia offers a picture of return-to-work challenges for psychological conditions
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A black and white view of construction scaffolding on a building
At Work article

Eight safety leading indicators for the construction worksite

Dr. Linda M. Goldenhar and her team at CPWR – The Center for Construction Research and Training worked with stakeholders in the construction sector to identify eight leading health and safety indicators.
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old-fashioned scales
At Work article

Employers that focus on both operations and safety don’t have to sacrifice either

Research project supports an approach that integrates operations and safety management
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Four construction workers smile at camera
At Work article

Study finds COR employers have lower rates of serious injuries than those not in program

IWH researcher finds voluntary audit program effective in identifying safer employers
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Illustration of man in suits staring at question marks
At Work article

OPM follow-up questions now available to help firms act on leading indicator scores

IWH, health and safety associations collaboration brings together research and field expertise
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Mumbai_cliniic_uses_DASH
At Work article

DASH developers credit groundwork and ongoing support for measure’s 20-year success

In its 20th anniversary year, the DASH Outcome Measure continues to be used in ever broader contexts
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Two health-care workers lean on each other, smiling
At Work article

Peer coaching on patient lifts lowers injury, but at a small cost

IWH cost-benefit analysis finds training program nearly cost-neutral while lowering injury rates by a third
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Back of two nursing home employees pushing wheelchair
At Work article

Monitoring progress key in implementing return-to-work program: IWH study

Workplace study of innovative return-to-work program highlights progress and opportunities for improvement
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Close-up of fingers holding Canadian bills
Issue Briefing

Measuring the adequacy of workers’ compensation benefits in Ontario: An update

In 2011, an IWH Issue Briefing summed up research on the adequacy of earnings replacement benefits for injured workers with permanent impairments in Ontario and B.C. This update looks at more recent cohorts, after major changes in Ontario’s workers’ compensation legislation.
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A trainer helps client do core exercises on mat
At Work article

New review finds motor control exercise reduces low-back pain, disability among sufferers

New review by Cochrane Back and Neck Review Group broadens options for people with low-back pain
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Businesswoman shakes hands with other professionals
At Work article

Tapping into personal networks to share research and improve evidence uptake

Stakeholder networks play a key role in the dissemination and uptake of IWH research
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A man sits leaning staring out the window
At Work article

Depressive symptoms common in first 12 months after work injury

Follow-up study by Institute for Work & Health finds depressive symptoms at six months after work-related injury a signal that poor mental health may persist at 12 months
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Toronto skyline, seen from the harbour
At Work article

PREMUS 2016 keynote speakers tackle leading-edge issues in MSD prevention

Topics include the risks of prolonged sitting or standing, the application of a gender lens, the role of safety climate and the risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome
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Illustration of doctor and man in suit talking at each other
At Work article

Employers and doctors often have uneasy relationship in return to work, study finds

Interviews with Australian employers highlight problems with physicians over communication, trust
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A black and white image of men and women lifting weights
At Work article

Understanding MSDs with sex/gender lens

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Three workers talking in a shipyard
Research Highlights

Workplaces that focus on both operations and safety can succeed at both

Workplaces that jointly manage operations and occupational health and safety (OHS) perform well at both, and no worse than workplaces that focus on only one. There’s no evidence that success in operations requires a trade-off with safety.
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Older worker cuts wood
Research Highlights

Are older workers off work longer after an injury because of the nature of their injuries?

Older men and women with work-related injuries remain off work on benefits longer than other workers, and this longer time off work is not explained by the type or severity of their injuries.
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