Inter-jurisdictional comparison of OHS and workers’ compensation system performance

Reasons for the study

Jurisdictions around the world, including those in Canada, seek to improve the performance of their occupational health and safety (OHS) and workers’ compensation systems. Comparative studies across jurisdictions can help because they have the potential to assess the performance of these systems and improve the health and safety of workers in Canada and internationally. Comparative studies are especially powerful because they can control for more sources of variation than a single-jurisdiction study can, thus helping us better understand and determine what may be driving findings regarding performance. This project brought together knowledge users and researchers from Canadian provinces, Australian states and New Zealand—all jurisdictions that have similar economies, labour market institutions and approaches to workers’ compensation, but that have differences in regulations, policies and practices.

Objectives of the study

  • Conduct an assessment of the data available in each jurisdiction to identify a comparable set of data across the participating jurisdictions
  • Explore the logistics of developing and hosting a comparable, cross-jurisdictional research dataset
  • Conduct a comparative analysis of severe work-related injuries and long-duration claims using data from British Columbia, Manitoba and Ontario
  • Conduct a pilot project across the broader range of jurisdictions that would provide proof-of-concept for this collaboration

Anticipated results/impact

Results are relevant to workers’ compensation boards, OHS regulators, employers and labour. Results also have the potential to directly inform policy and practice in participating jurisdictions.

Related scientific publications

Project status

Completed 2020

Research team

  • Christopher McLeod, Institute for Work & Health
  • Ben Amick, Institute for Work & Health
  • Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Institute for Work & Health
  • Cameron Mustard, Institute for Work & Health
  • Peter Smith, Institute for Work & Health
  • Alex Collie, Institute for Safety, Compensation and Recovery Research
  • Mieke Koehoorn, University of British Columbia
  • Allen Kraut, University of Manitoba

Participating organizations

Safe Communities Foundation

Funded by

Manitoba Workers Compensation Board