Supporting the employment participation of Canadian young adults with chronic conditions: a systematic review
Reasons for the study
Employment experiences during the "young adult" phase of life are critical to determining a person’s career trajectory. During this life phase, young adults report a number of vocational transitions, including graduating from school and finding and sustaining paid work. Challenges with employment during young adulthood can have long-term consequences, such as the risk of future unemployment or underemployment, reduced earnings and/or a deterioration of skills.
To date, much of the research on the employment of young adults with disabling health conditions has focused on the impact of health factors (e.g. disability type, disease severity, activity limitations), demographic characteristics (e.g. education, gender) and psychosocial perceptions (e.g. perceived social support, autonomy). It is unclear to what extent studies have examined the role of organizational conditions (e.g. availability of workplace accommodations, modifications and supports), training needs (e.g. skills building, vocational readiness), disability services (e.g. vocational rehabilitation) and policy-level factors (e.g. incentives to hire disabled young adults, enforcement of duty-to-accommodate legislation) that may be influential in facilitating the employment participation of young adults living with disabilities.
Objectives of the study
- To examine the work-focused policies and programs that support the transition of young adults living with disabling health conditions into the labour market
The findings from this study provide an evidence base on, and inform the design of, policies and practices that support the labour market engagement of young adults with chronic health conditions. As such, they are relevant to employers, young adults with disabilities and their families, clinicians and rehabilitation professionals, and policy-makers.
Related scientific publications
- Jetha A, Shaw R, Sinden AR, Mahood Q, Gignac MA, McColl MA, Martin Ginis KA. Work-focused interventions that promote the labour market transition of young adults with chronic disabling health conditions: a systematic review. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2019;76(3):189-198. doi:10.1136/oemed-2018-105454.
Related interviews and articles
- Supported job placements help young adults with disabilities find work: review. At Work: Institute for Work & Health; No. 95, Winter 2019.
Canadian Disability Participation Project
University of British Columbia—Okanagan
University of Guelph Disability Services