Chronic conditions and work

Chronic conditions refer to diseases and health conditions that last a long time and generally progress slowly. Although they can occur at any age, they become more common later in life. They are often invisible, sometimes episodic (i.e. they come and go) and often characterized by fluctuating symptoms that leave people disabled one day and functional the next. Examples of chronic diseases include arthritis, diabetes, chronic pain, depression and fibromyalgia. IWH research in this area focuses on the effects of chronic disease on work participation and productivity, as well as the effectiveness of job accommodations, benefits and other programs to ensure workers with chronic disease can stay at, or return to, work.

Featured

Stone arches and stain glass windows in the interior of the Canadian Parliament
At Work article

What research can do: IWH researchers help MPs examine episodic disabilities and work issues

IWH senior scientists presented expert testimony to a federal standing committee looking at the needs of people with episodic disabilities—an example of how research can support policy-makers in addressing important societal issues
Published: November 26, 2019
Two workers at a window shutters manufacturing shop floor
At Work article

Despite pain and fatigue, older workers with chronic conditions want to work to age 65

IWH study of retirement expectations finds boomers with health issues have same plans as healthy peers
Published: July 30, 2019
Journal article
Journal article

Long working hours and the prevalence of masked and sustained hypertension

Published: Hypertension, February 2020
Stone arches and stain glass windows in the interior of the Canadian Parliament
At Work article

What research can do: IWH researchers help MPs examine episodic disabilities and work issues

IWH senior scientists presented expert testimony to a federal standing committee looking at the needs of people with episodic disabilities—an example of how research can support policy-makers in addressing important societal issues
Published: November 2019
Stone arches and stain glass windows in the interior of the Canadian Parliament
Impact case study

IWH researchers help MPs examine episodic disabilities and work issues

IWH senior scientists presented expert testimony to a federal standing committee looking at the needs of people with episodic disabilities—an example of how research can support policy-makers in addressing important societal issues
Published: November 2019
Two workers at a window shutters manufacturing shop floor
At Work article

Despite pain and fatigue, older workers with chronic conditions want to work to age 65

Having a health condition or a chronic disease can be challenging for older workers, but it doesn't necessarily decrease their desire to work and retire at about the same age as healthy peers, finds an IWH study of retirement expectations.
Published: July 2019
Journal article
Journal article

Dermatitis among workers in Ontario: results from the Occupational Disease Surveillance System

Published: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2019
Journal article
Journal article

Job strain and the prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension among white-collar workers

Published: Hypertension Research, June 2019
Journal article
Journal article

Prostate cancer risk by occupation in the Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS) in Ontario, Canada

Published: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada: Research, Policy and Practice, May 2019
Journal article
Journal article

The current burden of cancer attributable to occupational exposures in Canada

Published: Preventative Medicine, May 2019
Journal article
Journal article

Supporting the transition into employment: a study of Canadian young adults living with disabilities

Published: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, March 2019
Journal article