Occupational health and safety performance in Ontario's unionized construction sector
Reasons for the study
During 2012 and 2013, the Institute for Work & Health collaborated with the Ontario Construction Secretariat—a tripartite union/employer/provincial government organization that aims to enhance the well-being of the organized Industrial, Commercial and Institutional (ICI) construction sector in Ontario—to compare the incidence of work-related injury and illness between unionized and non-unionized contractors in the ICI sector over the period 2006-2012. This original study found that unionized contractors had lower lost-time workers' compensation claim rates and higher no-lost-time claim rates, concluding that unionized contractors may encourage occupational injury reporting and reduce risks through training and hazard identification and control practices. This project replicates the methods of the previous study, updating the time period to 2012-2017.
Objectives of the study
- Replicate the methods of a previous IWH study to determine if the differences in occupational health and safety performance between unionized and non-unionized contractors that were observed during the period 2006-2012 are present in the period 2012-2017.
The results of this research project are relevant to the construction sector, unions, policy-makers (including the Ontario Ministry of Labour and the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board) and other prevention partners.
Related scientific publications
- Robson LS, Landsman V, Latour-Villamil D, Lee H, Mustard C. Unionisation and injury risk in construction: a replication study. Occupational & Environmental Medicine. 2022;79(3):169-175. doi:10.1136/oemed-2021-107617. (Open access)
- Robson LS, Landsman V, Latour-Villamil D, Lee H, Mustard C. Updating a study on the union effect on safety in the ICI construction sector. Institute for Work & Health; 2021.
Related interviews and articles
- Union firms have lower lost-time claim rates, study in ICI construction confirms. At Work: Institute for Work & Health; No. 103, Winter 2021.
Ontario Construction Secretariat