Role of accommodations and communication practices in supporting the employment participation of Canadians living with disabilities
Reasons for the study
Studies of working-aged Canadians indicate that people living with disabilities are more likely to experience difficulties finding and sustaining employment, and to report work productivity loss and job disruptions when compared to their peers not living with a disability. Increasingly, research is showing that communication about, and access to, workplace benefits, policies and accommodations can act as important barriers or facilitators to the employment of people with disabilities. This study conducted an online survey of 1,800 employed Canadians living with or without a disability or health limitation to gain a more in-depth understanding of work context factors and their relationship with communication and accommodation use.
Objectives of the study
- Examine the roles of formal accommodations and informal work modifications in the employment participation of Canadians living with disabilities
- Examine the role of workplace communication practices in the employment participation of Canadians living with disabilities
- Examine the reported availability, perceived need and use of accommodations and work modifications among Canadians living with or without a disability
This study was part of a larger seven-year program of research and knowledge mobilization to enhance the quantity and quality of community participation among Canadians living with physical disabilities. This project will lead to a specific set of recommendations that employers and policy-makers can use to support the work participation of Canadians living with disabilities through accommodation and communication policies and programs.
Related scientific publications
- Martin Ginis KA, Jetha A, Gignac MA. Experiential aspects of employment and their relationship with work outcomes: a cross-sectional study using a novel measure of participation in workers with and without physical disabilities. Disability and Health Journal. 2023;16(3):101448. doi:10.1016/j.dhjo.2023.101448.
- Jetha A, Martin Ginis KA, Ibrahim S, Gignac MA. The working disadvantaged: the role of age, job tenure and disability in precarious work. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):1900. doi:10.1186/s12889-020-09938-1. (Open access)
Related interviews and articles
- Precarity more likely for older, new workers with disabilities. At Work: Institute for Work & Health; No. 103, Winter 2021.
Related research summaries
- Is precarious work more prevalent for people with disabilities? The role of age and job tenure. Research Highlights: Institute for Work & Health, February 2021.
Canadian Disability Participation Project