Strategies to support the appropriate use of prescription opioids: a systematic review

Reasons for the study

Abuse of prescription opioids is a serious public health and safety problem in North America. To date, there has been no collection, analysis and synthesis of strategies aimed at improving the appropriate use of prescription opioids and reducing misuse, abuse, addiction and opioid-related deaths. This information is desperately needed to stem the current opioid crisis. This comprehensive systematic review of the research literature will help fill this void, thus helping prevent a duplication of efforts in the development of strategies to promote appropriate use of prescription opioids.

Objectives of the study

  • To conduct a systematic review of existing strategies, frameworks, collaborative networks and materials to promote the appropriate use of prescription opioids and/or to reduce the abuse of these drugs

Anticipated results/impact

The findings of this review will be relevant to a diverse group of stakeholders with an interest in addressing the current opioid crisis, including health-care and public health professionals, policy-makers, law enforcers, regulators and insurance payers.

Related scientific publications

Furlan AD, Carnide N, Irvin E, Van Eerd D, Munhall C, Kim J, Li CMF, Hamad A, Mahood Q, Macdonald S. A systematic review of strategies to improve appropriate use of opioids and to reduce opioid use disorder and deaths from prescription opioids. Canadian Journal of Pain. 2018;2(1):218-235. doi:10.1080/24740527.2018.1479842.

Project status

Completed

Research team

Andrea Furlan, Institute for Work & Health (PI)
Nancy Carnide, Institute for Work & Health
Emma Irvin, Institute for Work & Health
Jaemin Kim, Institute for Work & Health
Quenby Mahood, Institute for Work & Health
Sara Macdonald, Institute for Work & Health
Claire Munhall, Institute for Work & Health
Dwayne Van Eerd, Institute for Work & Health
Amy Porath-Waller, Canadian Centre for Substance Abuse
Anita Srivastava, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Tom Girling, Organized Crime Enforcement Bureau
Heather Divine, People in Pain Network
Norman Buckley, McMaster University
Marty McLeod, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Trevagi Satkunendran, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
Dianne Vermilyea, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
Jennifer Fillingham, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario
Heather Dickinson, RCMP
Amol Deshpande, Workplace Safety and Insurance Board of Ontario
Hanan Abramovici, Controlled Substances & Tobacco Directorate, Health Canada
J.W. Melenchuk, WCB Saskatchewan
Rabiea Haider, Great West Life
Ian Goldstein, WCB Manitoba
Michael Parkinson, Region of Waterloo Crime Prevention Council
Reggie Caverson, Strategic Planning and Solutions

Participating organizations

Canadian Centre for Substance Abuse
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario
Health Canada
Ontario Provincial Police
RCMP Drugs and Organized Crime Service

Funded by

Canadian Institutes of Health Research