Strategies to support the appropriate use of prescription opioids: a systematic review

Reasons for the study

Abuse of prescription opioids is a serious public health and safety problem in North America. To date, there has been no collection, analysis and synthesis of strategies aimed at improving the appropriate use of prescription opioids and reducing misuse, abuse, addiction and opioid-related deaths. This information is desperately needed to stem the current opioid crisis. This comprehensive systematic review of the research literature will help fill this void, thus helping prevent a duplication of efforts in the development of strategies to promote appropriate use of prescription opioids.

Objectives of the study

  • To conduct a systematic review of existing strategies, frameworks, collaborative networks and materials to promote the appropriate use of prescription opioids and/or to reduce the abuse of these drugs

Anticipated results/impact

The findings of this review will be relevant to a diverse group of stakeholders with an interest in addressing the current opioid crisis, including health-care and public health professionals, policy-makers, law enforcers, regulators and insurance payers.

Related scientific publications

Project status

Completed 2017

Research team

  • Andrea Furlan, Institute for Work & Health (PI)
  • Nancy Carnide, Institute for Work & Health
  • Emma Irvin, Institute for Work & Health
  • Jaemin Kim, Institute for Work & Health
  • Quenby Mahood, Institute for Work & Health
  • Sara Macdonald, Institute for Work & Health
  • Claire Munhall, Institute for Work & Health
  • Dwayne Van Eerd, Institute for Work & Health
  • Amy Porath-Waller, Canadian Centre for Substance Abuse
  • Anita Srivastava, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
  • Tom Girling, Organized Crime Enforcement Bureau
  • Heather Divine, People in Pain Network
  • Norman Buckley, McMaster University
  • Marty McLeod, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
  • Trevagi Satkunendran, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
  • Dianne Vermilyea, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
  • Jennifer Fillingham, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario
  • Heather Dickinson, RCMP
  • Amol Deshpande, Workplace Safety and Insurance Board of Ontario
  • Hanan Abramovici, Controlled Substances & Tobacco Directorate, Health Canada
  • J.W. Melenchuk, WCB Saskatchewan
  • Rabiea Haider, Great West Life
  • Ian Goldstein, WCB Manitoba
  • Michael Parkinson, Region of Waterloo Crime Prevention Council
  • Reggie Caverson, Strategic Planning and Solutions

Participating organizaitons

  • Canadian Centre for Substance Abuse
  • Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
  • College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario
  • Health Canada
  • Ontario Provincial Police

Funded by

Canadian Institutes of Health Research