The systematic reviews listed below are those conducted by research teams led by or including an Institute for Work & Health (IWH) researcher and conducted according to the methods developed by IWH's Systematic Review Program. Systematic reviews conducted by IWH researchers for Cochrane Back and Neck (CBN) are available from the CBN website.
Completed systematic reviews
Listed below are systematic reviews completed as part of IWH’s Systematic Review Program.
Because of these gender/sex differences, policy responses to research in these two areas will (or should) differ. Where the incidence or prevalence of work exposures or health outcomes differ for men and women, prevention approaches should focus on reducing gender/sex inequalities. However, where the relationship between work exposures and outcome differ, prevention approaches should focus on being gender- or sex-specific.
As policy-makers become increasingly interested in taking gender/sex differences into account in their primary prevention approaches, there is a need to summarize the existing research evidence to find where inequalities in exposures and health outcomes exist between men and women.
This systematic review set out to provide such information. Keeping the relevance and quality of studies in mind, it searched the research literature to look for successful interventions for managing depression in the workplace that were effective from an employer's point of view.
To find an answer, the Institute for Work & Health conducted a systematic review of studies of workplace-based health and safety interventions that also included an economic evaluation. An economic evaluation is a study in which a researcher or decision-maker assesses the costs and consequences of a particular intervention and its relevant alternatives. This review sought to answer the following question: What is the credible evidence that incremental investment in health and safety is worth undertaking?
To date, much of the research on the employment of young adults with disabling health conditions has focused on the impact of health factors (e.g. disability type, disease severity, activity limitations), demographic characteristics (e.g. education, gender) and psychosocial perceptions (e.g. perceived social support, autonomy). It is unclear to what extent studies have examined the role of organizational conditions (e.g. availability of workplace accommodations, modifications and supports), training needs (e.g. skills building, vocational readiness), disability services (e.g. vocational rehabilitation) and policy-level factors (e.g. incentives to hire disabled young adults, enforcement of duty-to-accommodate legislation) that may be influential in facilitating the employment participation of young adults living with disabilities.
Ongoing systematic reviews
Listed below are systematic reviews that are ongoing or completed so recently that findings are just beginning to emerge.
This is particularly true in the case of workplace-acquired communicable diseases (that is, illnesses caused by an infectious agent). Social factors such as the types of jobs and industries in which men and women work can influence their exposure to communicable diseases. For example, men are more likely to work in outdoor environments (such as forestry and farm work) and are more likely to be exposed to tick-borne infections. The gendered nature of front-line and essential work, which became apparent in the COVID-19 pandemic, can also lead to different infection transmission/exposures in men and women. Biological factors related to differences in immunity to infections also can affect how likely men and women are exposed to communicable diseases in their workplaces.
While gender/sex considerations are increasingly included in work and health research, they are not often the focus of studies reporting patterns of workplace-acquired communicable disease exposure.